Pediatrics In Review

Pediatrics in Review current issue

  • Genetic Counseling in Pediatrics
    Genetic counseling is a communication process whereby an individual or family obtains information about a genetic condition, is helped to understand the implications and significance of the condition, and is given resources to help with coping and management. It is a continuous process involving lasting supportive relationships between the family and the genetic professional. Genetic counselors are master’s level–trained health-care professionals who work closely with pediatricians and pediatric subspecialists alike. Genetic counselors can be a source of information about genetic conditions, risk assessment for disease, and genetic testing. Although most of a genetic counselor’s job is patient care and education, genetic counselors also serve as resources to educate health professionals about genetics.

  • Disorders of the Umbilical Cord
    The umbilical cord, a vital conduit between the placenta and the fetus, loses much of its significance after birth. However, newborns can often present with various abnormalities of the umbilicus, such as benign granulomas or more serious lesions due to persistent remnants, many of which can change the normal course of cord separation and may be associated with significant morbidities if left unrecognized and uncorrected. Although not uncommon, sanguineous drainage from the umbilical stump can be quite alarming to new parents. Parental counseling regarding normal umbilical cord changes, as well as abnormal findings, such as discharge and skin changes, are important for the recognition and timely treatment of potentially significant umbilical cord disorders.